Fat Overview

When we consume fat, it is broken down into fatty acids and glycerol in the small intestine by enzymes called lipases. These fatty acids are then absorbed into the bloodstream and transported to cells throughout the body, where they can be used for energy or stored for later use.

The body prefers to use carbohydrates as its primary source of energy, but when carbohydrates are not available (such as during prolonged exercise or fasting), the body will turn to stored fat for energy. This is why many diets promote consuming high-fat, low-carbohydrate foods to promote weight loss through the process of ketosis.

It is important to note that you can lose weight on a high carb diet by eating the correct types of carbohydrates at the right times.

In addition to providing energy, fat plays a crucial role in various bodily functions, such as hormone production, insulation and protection of vital organs, and absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. However, consuming too much fat, especially saturated and trans fats, can lead to weight gain and increase the risk of various health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Therefore, it is important to consume a balanced diet that includes healthy fats from sources such as nuts, seeds, avocado, and fatty fish, while limiting intake of unhealthy fats found in processed foods, fried foods, and fatty meats.

Saturated fat and trans fat are considered unhealthy fats because they can increase the risk of various health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Saturated fat is found in animal products such as meat, cheese, and butter, as well as in some plant-based sources such as coconut oil and palm oil. Consuming too much saturated fat can increase levels of LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, also known as “bad” cholesterol, in the bloodstream. High levels of LDL cholesterol can contribute to the buildup of plaque in the arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fat that is produced through the process of hydrogenation, which turns liquid oils into solid fats. Trans fat is found in many processed foods, such as baked goods, snack foods, and fried foods. Like saturated fat, trans fat can increase levels of LDL cholesterol and decrease levels of HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, which is known as “good” cholesterol. Trans fat also increases inflammation in the body, which can contribute to a variety of health problems.

In general, it is recommended to limit consumption of saturated fat and trans fat and instead focus on consuming healthy fats such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in nuts, seeds, avocado, fatty fish, and vegetable oils. LDL can also be lowered using certain supplements such as Strom’s SystolMax.